пятница, 24 ноября 2017 г.

Five reasons why "The Truman Show" is Postmodern

  1. The very manipulative existence of the mass media is brilliantly shown in this film. It excellently shows us that not only the protagonist is infected with simulation virus but all the viewers(in film) of  "The Truman Show"  also are infected by it. They are, like Truman, are unconscious that their reality is a simulation. If Truman is stuck in the simulation, then they are stuck in simulation of the simulation.

  2. Simulation inside the simulation. We watch how other people watch one human being live inside the perfect "reality" . This is a mise-en-abyme,  "film inside the film".

  3. This film, which is, in point of fact, a production of mass media culture, in an absolutely postmodern style, ironically, analyzes itself.  This analysis is rather universal. One also can say that by making "The Truman Show", filmmakers „are shooting themselves in the foot”.

  4. However, with all the connection of the "The Truman Show" to reality show, do not forget that, first of all, this is a story about the escape from the familiar but limited world(The Truman Show) into an unknown reality(world behind the dome), where you can win all or lose everything. This escape happened in the end of the film.

  5. "The Truman Show" is full of intertext. In the "show" every "actor" appropriated product placement, which is used in our world. They use it with same aim.

Postmodernism Key Words part 8


Hyperrealism – It is "the simulation of something which never really existed", "The authentic fake", "It is a virtual unreality".

Simulation –  disguise of the lack of reality.

Simulacra – pseudo-thing, replacing reality, the image of absent reality.

"Fake news"– intentional spreading of misinformation in social mass media with the aim of misleading in order to obtain financial or political benefits.

четверг, 23 ноября 2017 г.

Five reasons why "Dancer in the Dark" is Postmodern


  1. The main heroine of "Dancer in the Dark" Selma is transforming the universe around her by the power of imagination, she seeks support from this fabulation, with a penultimate song and a noose around her neck she fuses together an imaginary and real world, two binary opposites.

  2. Throughout the film, fate is monstrously killing Selma. Police officer, foreman, prosecutor and other court visitors, even her executioners despised her however, when her imaginary musical is started, they become background dancers who support Selma, who is now a star of the show, with singing and dancing. We see Selma’s hyper reality entering the stage.

  3. In th end, reality, silently swallows Selma’s hyperreality and Selma, who resists to succumb to it till the end, and despite the genre, not even a song is played at th end.(till credits)

  4. "Dancer in the Dark" is an experiment with visuals and psychology, an experiment on the audience, on the whole genre of musical. The heavy "American tragedy" turns into a vaudeville -an experiment. Lars von Trier, the director, provocates the audience by making this film "all at once".

  5. Lars von Trier made a magnificent pastiche of Richard Rodgers song from the musical "Sounds of Music". Music  differs because in "Dancer in the Dark", the sound was born  from the grinding of the machines, the rustling of cloth, the creaking of pen on paper, the whole world participated in the birth of this work of art. And many other musical compositions were used in this film.

Postmodernism Key Words part 7


Metafiction – Is a literary work where the main thing is the structure and process of narration.The reader's main attention is transferred "from the whole image of the world created by the text to the very process of constructing and reconstructing this yet incomplete image".

Intertextuality –  "The dialogue between texts".Everything that has already been said is written, it is a necessary condition of existence for the newly created verbal texts.

Mise-en-abyme – Object is reproduced within itself. "Story inside a story," "picture inside a picture," , "film inside a film".

The 4th Wall– an imaginary wall between actors and audience in film, theatre or any other work.